The formation and development of medicinal liquor
The combination of wine and medicine is an important pioneering work in the history of the development of hypertension medicine.
In the time of “wine” writing “酉”, “Said Wen Jie Zi” explained: “Hey, just, in August, it can be resistant to alcohol.”
“Just” means “mature”, “黍成” can be used to make wine (酉), 黍, Gan Ping, Yiqi Buzhong, is it also Chinese medicine?
In ancient times, the word “wei” was used to describe the close relationship between wine and medicine, so later generations had a statement that “wine is the longest medicine.”
Shangjia Bone has “soap wine”, according to Hanban solid solution: “Soap, the fragrant scent of the grass is made of soap”, which shows that the turmeric medicinal liquor made with the Chinese medicine turmeric at that time.
Therefore, the origin of medicinal liquor is inseparable from the production of wine. Therefore, the existing initial medicinal liquor is found in the “Fifty-two Diseases” unearthed from Mawangdui Han Tomb excavated in 1973. More than 30 internal and external medicinal liquors were recorded for the treatment of tibia.The medicinal liquor of snake disease, sputum and other diseases.
In the unearthed Mawangdui Han Tomb, the “Health Prescription” and “Mixed Treatment” are not complete, but the medicinal liquor (medicine and medicine) and the brewing process can be identified.
It can be seen that the previous medicinal liquor had medicinal liquor in the pre-Qin period, and it was also called wine in the traditional Chinese medicine formula.
The so-called medicinal liquor is generally immersed in a low concentration of edible alcohol in a certain proportion of the roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits and all or the internal organs of the plants and certain mineral components.
In liquor, rice wine, rice wine or wine, the active ingredients of the drug are dissolved in the wine, and after a certain period of time, the dregs are removed, and some medicinal wines are obtained by fermentation or the like.
Because wine has its own role, wine and Chinese herbal medicines can enhance the potency, not only can prevent diseases, but also can be used as a wine for post-operative adjuvant treatment.
The purposeful use of medicinal wines, consciously combining medicines with wines, has a long history in some respects.
On the occasion of the Qin and Han Dynasties, the pre-existing traditional Chinese medicine classics “The Yellow Emperor’s Internal Classic” also specifically targeted the contribution of wine in medicine.
The relationship between sputum and sputum is related to the prevention and treatment of diseases. In other chapters, it also mentions the “chicken sputum” that cures bloating, and the treatment of meridians and collaterals is not good.The deep “wake up”, etc., are recorded in the earlier medicinal liquor.
In the Han Dynasty, the development of traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions, medicinal liquor gradually became an integral part of traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions, and the pertinence and efficacy have also been greatly improved.
In “Historical Records?
There is a record in the sputum of the squatting warehouse, which is also in the stomach and the wine cellar. It shows that Bian dynasty believes that the use of wine cellar to treat gastrointestinal diseases shows that the works also contain 25 famous Chinese and Western doctors.The medical case, such as the use of medicinal liquor to cure Ji Zhao Wang’s disease, “the wind is full of chest”, the sinister Wang Meiren suffers from “dystocia”.
In the Eastern Han Dynasty, Zhang Zhongjing’s “Treatise on Febrile Diseases” contained “sixty-two kinds of winds of women, stinging blood in the abdomen, red and blue flowers and wine masters”, except for red and blue wine, ephedrine wine soup, and sputumIn addition to white spirits, there are still many prescriptions that are boiled with wine, or mixed with wine and water, and used to enhance the efficacy.
From the time of the Han Dynasty to the Han Dynasty, medicinal liquor and the use of wine for medical treatment have been very rich and widespread, so the class is in the former Han book?
Food and Food” said that wine is “the longest of 100 medicines.”
In the Northern Wei Dynasty, Jia Sijun’s “Qi Min Yao Shu”, although an agricultural monograph, made a detailed description of the brewing method of medicinal liquor, especially the production of special wine for dipping, from the selection of the song to the brewing step.In Volume VII, the technical, experience and principles of the koji making were also summarized.
Jin, Ge Hong’s “Elbow Reserve” said that there are peach kernel wine, pork pancreas, and golden tooth wine.
Seaweed wine and other therapeutic drugs.
Liang, Tao Hongjing put forward the “drinkable drug potential” in “Materia Medica”.
In particular, the method of ingesting medicinal liquor is more detailed, and it is proposed that “all kinds of medicinal wines are finely cut, and the oysters are filled with glutinous rice. It is sealed in the wine, and it is resistant to cold and heat for several days. It can be sent out without waiting for the wine.Just do it.
Wells can be irritated and slightly sputum, more stains, and also scattered.” It is well pointed out that 71 kinds of drugs (including 9 kinds of ore drugs, 35 kinds of plant drugs and 27 kinds of animal drugs) should not be soaked.
During this period, the production of medicinal liquor has undergone a process of continuous improvement.
Tang, Sun Sizhen’s “Prepare for the Needs”, Volume 7 “Wine Cellar”, Volume 12, “Wind and Flourish Wine Frying”, the book contains more than 80 medicinal liquors, involving tonic, internal medicine, surgery, gynecology, etc.On the other hand, the poisons of wine and medicinal liquor have been known, and some corresponding hangover agents have been developed for the transformation of some people at that time due to alcoholism and indulgence.
“Qian Jin Yi Fang” also put forward the requirements for the medicinal liquor service. “Whenever you take the medicine, you can make the wine gas-fired, you have to cut off, but you can’t get rid of the medicine. How much is known, you can’t get drunk and vomit.Then it hurts people too.
“Tang, Wang Shuo’s “Outside Taiwan Secrets” Volume 31 “Ancient and Modern Family Wines” section of the CCP has collected 11 prescriptions of medicinal liquor.
Among them, 9 are made by dosing, and the brewing process is also well described.
In addition, the “Thousands of Gold Essentials” also recorded the use of medicinal liquor to cure the Tang Guosi 僧 葱 葱 患 “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ .
The medicinal liquor in the Song and Yuan Dynasties has developed greatly, and the types and applications of medicinal liquor have expanded significantly.
In the “Taiping Shenghuifang”, there are no more than 6 medicinal wine festivals, and the “St. Ji’s Record”, “Taiping Huimin and the Agent Bureau”, “Three Causes”, “The Party”, “Ji Ji”The medicinal liquor in the book such as Shengfang has several kinds of medicinal liquors. The scope of treatment with medicinal liquor has also covered various diseases such as internal medicine, surgery, gynecology, ENT, etc., and has further clear understanding of the main effects of medicinal liquor.For example, Volume 4 of the “Shengji General Record” believes that “medicine wine is longer than ventilating blood, helping yang, can be used for dysentery, and can also be used to prevent disease.
“” Both blood stasis and qi stagnation, Chen Hanyu cold, partial dryness does not follow, restrained sputum and the like, should be uniform.
“In the method of making medicinal liquor, the “boiled wine method” for heating various kinds of drugs has been started, which can improve the leaching rate of the active ingredients of the medicine and enhance the efficacy of the medicine.
An important feature of the development of medicinal liquor during this period is that there are more and more health-care and medicinal liquors for replenishing and strengthening the body. Some medicinal liquors not only have the characteristics of healing and health, but also have pure taste and become court royal wine.
In addition to the medicinal liquors recorded in the above-mentioned large-scale books, Song, Chen Zhi’s “Protection of the Old Families” and Yuan, Dosi Hui’s “Drinking Meal”, “Yu Yao Yuan Fang” and other books also contain a lot of suitable for the elderly.Health care medicinal liquor taken by people.In the Ming Dynasty, the medical scientists created many new medicinal liquors while finishing the experience of the predecessors.
In the medical books of the Ming Dynasty, such as “Puji Fang”, Fang Xian’s “Spiritual Goodness”, Chen Menglei’s “Medical Record”, Wang Kentang’s “Criteria for the Rule of Law”.
Li Shizhen’s “Compendium of Materia Medica” and other receipts of the narrowed medicinal liquor formula, both the predecessors of the classics of the past, but also the innovation of contemporary people.
Only the “Compendium of Materia Medica” has compiled more than 200 kinds of medicinal liquor formulas, and more than 300 medicinal liquor formulas have been collected in the “Zi Ji Fang”.
In addition, such as Wu Kun’s “medical prescription” in the Ming Dynasty, there are 7 kinds of medicinal liquors, Wu Ji’s “Fushou Jingfang” contains 9 kinds of medicinal liquor, and Gong Tingxian’s “Wan disease rejuvenation” and “Shou Shi Bao Yuan” two books containing medicinal liquor nearly 40Kind.
In the folk workshops of the Ming Dynasty, there were medicinal liquors sold, such as Yiren wine, lamb wine, etc., while the common people also had a large amount of medicinal liquor in their own brewed wines, such as the straight tea at the Dragon Boat Festival, the sweet-scented osmanthus wine at the Mid-Autumn Festival, and the chrysanthemum wine at the Double Ninth Festival.。
By the Qing Dynasty, medicinal liquor had further development, and many new medicinal liquor formulas were created.
For example, Wang Ang’s “Practitioner’s Set”, Wang Mengying’s “Therapeutic Diet”, Wu Qian and others’ “Jian Zong Jin Jian”, Sun Wei’s “Good Use of Collecting Experiences” and Xiang Youqing’s “Tongshoulu and so on, all contain a lot of new medicinal liquor formulas created in the Ming and Qing Dynasties.
In addition to the treatment of diseases, the medicinal liquor of the Qing Dynasty was characterized by the prevalence of health care medicinal liquor, especially the court replenishment of medicinal liquor.
For example, Qing, Qianlong Emperor often take the Yishou medicinal wine square “Song Ling Taiping Chun Liquor” for the elderly all kinds of vain, joint pain, less food, less flavor, nocturnal clearing disease to exert therapeutic effects.
“Night Twigs” is also a medicinal liquor made by the Qing Dynasty. In addition to the night, the group also has cypress, scorpion, mulberry, pomegranate, glutinous rice, black beans and fine koji, which can cure the symptoms of stroke contracture.。During the Republic of China, due to the constant war, the industry was not prosperous, and the smuggling of Chinese medicine, medicinal liquor was also difficult to escape, and no progress was made.
After the founding of New China, the Chinese medicine industry of Chinese medicine has achieved unprecedented development. As one of the traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions, it has inherited traditional production experience and adopted modern scientific and technological methods. It has stricted hygiene and quality standards and made medicinal liquor.Production has initially developed to standardization and industrialization, and the quality of medicinal liquor has also been greatly improved.
Therapists also conducted experimental research and clinical validation on the efficacy, formulation and clinical efficacy of many traditional Chinese medicine famous wines (such as Wujiapi, Shiquandajiu, Shiguogongjiuji, Guilingjijiu, etc.).Provides valuable evidence.
At the same time, a lot of work has been done on the literature collation, research and continuous development of new varieties of medicinal liquor.
For example, in the literature research, there are also some medicinal liquor monographs, such as Xu Qingfeng’s “Treatment and Health Medicine” series of 146 medicinal liquors, Sun Wenqi’s “medicine wine prescription selection” containing 361 medicinal liquors, Li Mingzhe’s “medicine wine formula 500″For example, Chen Guiting and other “one hundred disease Chinese medicine wine therapy” co-loaded 1364 medicinal liquor.
In addition, such books as those published by the Chinese Pharmacopoeia also stipulate the formula, production process, quality and hygiene requirements of some traditional Chinese medicine famous wines.
Much progress has been made in the reform of new varieties and dosage forms that have previously been developed for the development of medicinal liquor.
The first is to develop new varieties.
For example, according to the “Qinggong Dabu Liquor” developed by the Qing Dynasty court formula, according to the “Ten Quan Da Bu Li” developed by the famous tea in the Song Dynasty with the beverage alcohol produced by Shaoxing Mingshui, according to the “Golden Tong Changle Liquor” developed by the ancients.A variety of medicinal liquors, such as “Rohan Tonic”, are constantly coming to market.
Some medicinal liquors have entered thousands of households and have gone abroad, and are increasingly welcomed and ubiquitous by the people and patients.
Second, the production process and dosage form reform of medicinal liquor are also developing in a direction that saves the use of Chinese medicinal materials, improves the leaching and recovery of its active ingredients, and facilitates its use.
For example, it has been reported that: more than 10% higher alcohol content (40% to 50%) than the Chinese Pharmacopoeia (40% to 50%) is used as the extraction solution, and the Chinese medicine is soaked in a prescription.About 50% of the total amount can reduce the leaching of impurities, and improve the leaching effect of the active ingredients. It is considered that the new process of “injection-permeation-washing-drying” can be used to the greatest extent (almost all).The useful ingredients in the slag are higher in the yield of the medicinal liquor, reduce the amount of liquor, and ensure the quality of the medicinal liquor, thereby improving the old method of using the extrusion method.
In addition, because of the small dosage (internal or external use) of Chinese medicine, it has the advantages of rapid efficacy and certain anti-corrosion properties, so it is easy to store and use for a long time.
又有报道，将丸剂改制为酒剂使用，如‘藿香正气水”，原为宋代古方“藿香正气散”(煮散)，早期改为“藿香正气丸”，现又将丸剂改制A wine agent.
Prior to this, foreign countries are now very easy to estimate the study of traditional Chinese medicine wines, such as the use of Chinese and Chinese herbal medicine rhubarb and other “diabolo wine”, with spleen and stomach, wide and smooth swelling, qi and blood circulation, etc., can be used in the stomach脘 脘 full, constipation, less food and drink and use for weight loss and so on.
”Liquor” is a liquid made from cereals and koji. It is sturdy and clear, and has the effect of curing and strengthening the body. Its role has been as described above.
Traditional Chinese medicine – as many as natural products, has fewer side effects.
The combination of wine and medicine is between medicine and medicine. If you have a disease, you can cure the disease. If you are sick, you can prevent disease and exercise. In ancient times, you used medicine to prevent the epidemic. For example, “The Golden Essentials” said: One person drinks, one is not infected.One drink, one epidemic.
The application of traditional Chinese medicine medicinal liquor will be more extensive.
We are convinced that Chinese medicine medicinal liquor, through the continuous efforts of medical scientists, through inheritance and improvement, excavation and innovation, will have more varieties and better quality.
A wider range of medicinal liquors will go to the market, go abroad, enter thousands of households, benefit the people, better play the important role of medicinal liquor in medical and health care, make new contributions to the cause of human health, and revitalize the cause of Chinese medicine.The further development of the motherland medicine is of great significance.