2015 Chilean America Cup Mexico team final version of the 23-man roster small pea missed

2015 Chilean America Cup Mexico team final version of the 23-man roster small pea missed
On June 2, Beijing time, the Mexican national team coach Miguel Herrera announced the 23-man roster for the America’s Cup. Pea is still not selected. Atletico Madrid striker Raul Jimenez leads, 36-year old captainKos sits.In the 2015 Chilean America Cup schedule, a small part of the Mexico America’s Cup 23-person list was announced as the last 30-person list. This time, 8 people were tailored. They are: Herrera (Pachuca), EnriquePerez (Atlas), Fuentes (Puma), Salinas (Pachuca), Brizuela (Guadalajara), Dam (Pachuca),Alfonso Gonzalez (Atlas) and Cabrera (Puma); 1 newly selected, 31-year-old veteran Valenzuela.  In this America’s Cup, Mexico is in Group A with host Chile, Ecuador and Bolivia.Mexico has participated in the Copa America 8 times, and twice finished in the runner-up.They last entered the final in 2001, when they lost 0-1 to host Colombia.(Little Brother Li) Attached: Mexico America’s Cup 23 player goalkeeper: Corona (Blue Cross), Talavera (Toluca), Edgar Hernández (Veracruz) Defender:Marcos (Verona), Flores (microblogging) (Blue Cross), Ayala (Tiger), Villard (Monterrey), Domingos (Blue Cross), SalceMido (Guadalajara), Alderet (Santos Laguna), Valenzuela (Atlas), Corral (Queretaro) Midfielder: Osuna (CretTarot), Medina (Atlas), Gomes (Tijuana), Jesús-Corona (Twente), Aquino (Vallecano), Montes (Leon), Fabian (Guadalajara) strikers: Raúl Jimenez (Atletico Madrid), Eduardo Herrera (Puma), Eskada (Tiger), Vuoso (Chiapas)) Jaguar) Group A opponents in the same group: 2015 Chile America’s Cup, the latest 23-man roster of the Chilean national team (final version), 2015 Chilean America’s Cup, Ecuador, the final 23-man roster, Manchester United Magic Wings, 2015 Chile America’s Cup, Bolivia, final 23-man roster, Milan teenagerLead

Goldstone Resources (603505): Fluorite gives birth to luxury as expensive as gold

Goldstone Resources (603505): Fluorite gives birth to luxury as expensive as gold
Key points of the report: The margin of supply and demand is improving. The turning 上海夜网论坛 point of the economy shows that fluorite, also called fluorite, is a crystal of calcium fluoride. It is mainly used in the fields of fluoride industry, smelting, iron and steel.Fluorite is a scarce mineral resource. In 2016, it was listed as a “strategic mineral resource” and even as a “second rare earth”.Existing fluorite ore reserves account for about 15% of the world, but consumption accounts for 60%. At present, the annual output is about 380 tons, and referring to foreign countries, the fluorite storage and production ratio is very low. In the medium term, resource utilization is bound to be protected by policies.From the perspective of demand, the largest downstream of fluorite is in the field of fluorination, the product is hydrofluoric acid, and the downstream of the terminal is in the fields of air conditioning, electronics, automobiles, electrolytic aluminum, etc., and the overall view remains relatively stable.The supply side is the evolution of the industry: in terms of resource distribution, the shortage of single-type fluorite resources is scarce and the distribution is extremely uneven.At the same time, the concentration of the industry is very low, and the level of competition is poor. In the past, there were a large number of unreasonable mining, which caused a serious waste of resources.Absolutely, the value attribute of fluorite as a scarce resource has been gradually evaluated by the policy. While increasing the control of the export market, the state has also imposed stricter restrictions from above the mining policy, strictly controlling the increase + remediation of small mines + environmental supervision, and someEnterprise mining reached a reasonable supply and responded to a significant contraction, driving the price of fluorite from about 1,500 yuan / ton three years ago to a maximum of nearly 4,000 yuan / ton.In January 2019, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued the “Specification Conditions for the Fluorite Industry (Consultation Draft)”, which stipulates the establishment and expansion of the fluorite industry, the comprehensive utilization of resources, environmental protection and feasible regulations. In the future, the supply side of the industry will further shrink and tighten., Skin releases stronger product price tension. Company: The absolute leader in the industry, the company winning the commanding heights is the only domestic fluorite listed company and the largest fluorite company. The current mining scale is 102 tons / year. There are 7 mines in production and 6 mineral processing plants.Large-scale mines with a size of 10 mm or more, all of which are single-type fluorite mines, have significant resource endowment advantages.In 2018, the company acquired Inner Mongolia Xiangzhen Mining. Due to the substantial increase in the company’s retained resource reserves, the company currently maintains nearly 2,700 tons of resource reserves. The abundant resource reserves provide a lot of ammunition for the company’s long-term expansion. The company’s mines are concentrated in the East China market, and have the unique synergy advantage of the “production-sales” industrial chain. At the same time, the company took the mine early, the cost was low, and the ratio of its peers exceeded the significant mining cost advantage.The company attaches great importance to the environmental protection control of the mine management and production process. For example, Badu Fluorite, a subsidiary of Longquan Mine, is a national green mine. Therefore, it has become a big winner in the industry’s tide of mining governance. Profit forecast and investment advice company 2019?In 2020, the scale is expected to take a new step: Amethyst Mining raises projects into production and enters normal production status, and the acquired Xiangzheng Mining is about to enter trial production status, while the construction of new mineral processing plants is progressing steadily.Considering the price elasticity under the current supply mandate, is it expected that 2019?The EPS in 2020 is 1.25, 1.50 yuan, corresponding to PE is 14.6, 12.2x, the first coverage given a “buy” rating. Risk Warning: 1. Slow growth in demand for major downstream hydrofluoric acids; 2. Under the loosening of industry supply, the upward momentum of prices is insufficient.

Tianqi Lithium (002466): 3Q19 results suffer from the decline in lithium prices and the impact of rising financial costs

Tianqi Lithium (002466): 3Q19 results suffer from the decline in lithium prices and the impact of rising financial costs

3Q19 Performance Performance Tianqi Lithium announced its 3Q19 performance: operating income of US $ 3.8 billion, approximately -20%; net profit attributable to mothers1.

40,000 yuan, corresponding profit of 0.

12 yuan, -92% in the past, consistent with the performance forecast.

In the third quarter of 19, the operating income was 1.2 billion U.S. dollars, a year of -18% / QoQ -3.

6%; net profit attributable to mother-0.

5.4 billion, previous -114% / -166%.

The company’s performance in the third quarter of 19 was mainly due to the decline in lithium prices and rising financial expenses.

Comments: 1) The price of lithium has fallen.

The average domestic price of 99% lithium carbonate in the third quarter of 19 was 5.

630,000 yuan / ton, -14% month-on-year -32%, average price of 1-3Q19 6.

30,000 yuan / ton, lower than -46%.

2) Gross profit margin continued to narrow.

In the third quarter of 19, gross profit margin (gross profits before deduction of taxes and surcharges) was 53%, which was -8ppt / -12ppt per year, and gross profit was down 16% / 1.

200 million, a year-on-year decrease of 33% / 3.

10,000 yuan.

3) Financial expenses have risen.

Financial expenses 重庆耍耍网 for the third quarter of 19 increased by 28% / 1.

400 million, an increase of 446% / 5 per year.

200000000.

4) The total income from investment + fair value changes in the third quarter of 19 increased by 69% / 0 from the previous month.

7.5 billion, a year-on-year increase of 634% / 1.

600 million.

5) The effective tax rate in 3Q19 is -22ppt / -27ppt per year to 0.

3%.

6) Financial pressures remain difficult.

As of 3Q19, the company’s asset rejection rate was 75% and its net debt rate was 264%.

Development trend The company guides the net profit attributable to the mother to 0 in 2019.

8-1.

2 trillion, down 94 a year.

6% -96.

4%, implied 4Q19 net profit attributable to mother increased by 0.

2-0.

US $ 600 million, down 104% -112% previously, mainly due to the decline in lithium prices and SQM M & A loans leading to a significant increase in financial costs.

The rights issue is expected to repair the balance sheet.

The company’s rights issue has been approved by the Securities Regulatory Commission (not yet issued), and will be placed to all shareholders at the rate of 3 shares for every 10 shares. The plan is to raise no more than 7 billion US dollars, which is intended to be used to repay the purchase of SQM 23.

77% equity M & A loan.

If it successfully raises 70 million, the company’s net debt ratio is expected to fall to?
131%.
Lithium prices are nearing the bottom.
As of October 22, domestic industrial grade lithium carbonate price4.

950,000 yuan / ton, close to our estimated bottom price of 4.

5 million / ton (at this price?
1/3 mines at least), the downside of lithium price is limited.

Looking forward to 2020, we believe that the rebound in the growth of new energy vehicles and the demand for 5G replacement will jointly promote the marginal repair of the global lithium market.

Earnings forecasts and estimates are based on changes in assumptions such as prices. We lower our 2019/2020 earnings forecasts by 88% / 38% to 0.

97/7.

900 million.

The current company complies with the corresponding 37 in 2020.

5 times price-earnings ratio.

Maintain Neutral but lower target price by 10.

7% to 25 yuan (taking into account the estimated conversion), corresponding to 36.

2 times 2020 price-earnings ratio, compared with the recent merger of 3.

4% downside.

Risks New energy vehicle sales fell short of expectations, and lithium prices fell sharply.

Dongjiang Environmental (002672) Third Quarterly Report Comment: Excluding the credit loss accrual which affects the growth of profit growth in the third quarter40.

15%

Dongjiang Environmental (002672) Third Quarterly Report Comment: Excluding the credit loss accrual which affects the growth of profit growth in the third quarter40.

15%

Event: On October 28, the company announced the third quarter report of 2019.

During the reporting period, operating income was 25.

77 ppm, a ten-year increase4.

21%; net profit attributable to mother 3.

32 ppm, a decrease of 10 per year.

88%; deduct non-net profit 3.

10 billion, a decline of 16 per year.

27%.

We commented as follows: Credit loss accrued 0.

8.2 billion resulted in a drop in net profit for mothers10.

88%, real profit increased significantly.

1) In the first three quarters of 2019, the company’s operating income was 25.

77 ppm, a ten-year increase4.

21%; net profit attributable to mother 3.

32 ppm, a decrease of 10 per year.

88%; deduct non-net profit 3.

00 ppm, a decrease of 16 per year.

27%.

The company’s gross profit margin was 36 in the first three quarters.

54%, up by 1 each year.

87 points, but net profit can be reduced by 14.

91%, falling by 2 every year.

59pct, the main reason is that the credit loss is accrued 0 in a single quarter.

7.4 billion (for the first time since listing).

Regardless of credit loss accrual, the company’s total profit in 19Q31.

8.5 billion, an annual increase of 40.

15%, significantly improved profitability, we believe that it is mainly due to supplementary capacity release performance.

2) In terms of cash, net operating cash flow in the first three quarters.

8.1 billion, basically the same as the decade of 18 years (8.

9.8 billion) unchanged.

The company’s cash ratio is 109.

83%, operating cash flow / net profit was 229.

12%, with outstanding cash flow performance.

The company’s core area hazardous waste disposal qualification 146 was inserted, and 72 production capacity was under construction.

1) In terms of overall production capacity, as of 2019H1, the company’s core area hazardous waste disposal operation production capacity (qualified) is approximately 145.

In the 77’s / year, the capacity under construction was about 72.4 years / order, sufficient order reserve.

From the perspective of the company’s hazardous waste production capacity by region, in the Guangdong region, the operating capacity is 100 tons / year, and the capacity under construction is 60 tons / year; in the Yangtze River Delta region, the operating capacity is 24.

47 Statutory / year; North China area, operating capacity 21.

3Each year, under construction plans to build capacity 12.
.

4 years.

2) In terms of project construction, in 2019H1, the company obtained a total of 35 hazardous waste operation qualifications.

5 Each year, a total of 14 incineration and landfill qualifications.

3 Nominally, including Nantong Dongjiang 2 pointed out / year incineration project, Xingye Dongjiang 7.

15 Annual Comprehensive Utilization and Treatment Projects, Shaoguan Dongjiang 8.

95 Annual Comprehensive Utilization and Treatment Project, Weifang Dongjiang.

4 announcements / year items.

3) In terms of projects under construction, as of 2019H1, the company is applying for hazardous waste permit qualification8.

9 Annual production capacity of projects under construction 13.
.

5 annual budget, about 61 projects are planned for construction each year.

Hazardous waste industry: Safety accidents are forcing stricter supervision, and effective supply is still scarce.

1) In April 2019, the “Waste Removal Action 2019” was launched, and 11 provinces (municipalities) in the Yangtze River Economic Belt were launched to crack down on solid waste and hazardous waste, and it was required to be completed by the end of April 2020. At the same time, the explosion of the water industry caused the chemical industry in related provinces to rectifyEnvironmental protection verification has become more stringent, forcing hazardous waste disposal to return to professional channels and increasing the amount of hazardous waste disposal.

2) At present, the scale of hazardous waste production capacity is still 西安耍耍网 a scarce resource: in 2017, the national hazardous waste output was 7,465.

In 85 years, the annual growth rate is 33.

61%; 88 for hazardous waste disposal and utilization.

34%, with 870 remaining.

87 Fatal and hazardous waste was deposited without disposal.

Investment suggestion: The company is a leader in the hazardous waste industry. It has a qualification of 146 for hazardous waste disposal. Based on the construction and production capacity of 72, the operating capacity has steadily increased and the profit quality has been high.

We maintain our forecast of net profit attributable to mothers for 2019-2021.

92/6.

17/7.

4.3 billion, a growth rate of 20.

5% / 25.

4% / 20.

4%, corresponding to an estimate of 17 on October 28.

7/14.

1/11.

7x PE, maintaining the level of “prudent increase”.

Risk 杭州夜网论坛 reminder: project construction progress risk, hazardous waste project accident risk, policy risk.

Blu-ray Development (600466): Rapid growth in performance and significant national distribution benefits

Blu-ray Development (600466): Rapid growth in performance and significant national distribution benefits
I. Overview of the event Blu-ray Development announced a semi-annual performance pre-announcement announcement. The company expects that the net profit attributable to shareholders of listed companies for the first half of 2019 will increase by approximately 6 from the same period last year.About 2.5 billion, an increase of about 101% each year; the net profit of alternative non-recurring gains and losses attributable to shareholders of listed companies increased by about 5 compared with the same period last year.About 90 ‰, an increase of about 98% each year. Second, analysis and judgment of performance growth and growth, scale effect performance The company expects to achieve net profit attributable to its mother by about 12 in the first half of 2019.500 million US dollars, an increase of about 101% a year; non-net profit deduction of about 1.2 billion US dollars, an increase of about 98% a year.The growth of the company’s net profit was mainly due to the substantial increase in the carry-over income of the company’s real estate projects during the reporting period.At present, the company has achieved a national strategic layout. Through the continuous expansion of sales scale, the future development is expected to go to the next level. Sales increased steadily, accelerating the nationwide distribution According to data from Kerer, the company achieved sales of USD 48.3 billion in the first six months of 2019, an increase of 10.4%, continued to maintain stable growth, ranking 30th in the industry.As of the end of 2018, the company’s land share in Central China and South China increased from 5% and 13% to 26% and 23%, respectively, and the 上海夜网论坛 proportion of Metropolis and East China decreased from 45% and 21% to 16% and9%, a national breakthrough in depth. Diversified financing, controllable financial risks As of the end of 2018, the company’s asset-liability ratio and net debt ratio after excluding advance accounts were 48.24% and 102.7%, an increase of 1 over 17 years.22 and 11.17 foreign exchange, while the cash short-term debt ratio was 1 from the previous year.62 increased to 1.74. The short-term solvency has continued to improve. Generally speaking, the company’s financial position remains stable.The report summarizes that the company successfully issued perpetual medium-term tickets, short-term financing bonds, ABS for home purchases, private placement bonds, and US dollar bonds. The average financing cost was 7.54%, the overall cost is controllable. Third, investment recommendations Blu-ray development performance has grown at a high speed, sales have steadily increased, the nationwide layout has been deepened, finance has remained stable, and financing channels have been diversified.The company’s EPS is expected to be 1 in 19-21.17/1.78/2.14 yuan, the corresponding PE is 5.0/3.3/2.7 times, the highest and lowest in the past three years, with a median PE of 22.8/7.0/15.1x, giving the company a “Recommended” rating. 4. Risk warning: The real estate budget policy is tightened, and sales are below expectations.

HKUST News (002230) 2019 Annual Report Performance Preview Comment: Revenue Breaks Ten Billion and Sets New Milestone

HKUST News (002230) 2019 Annual Report Performance Preview Comment: Revenue Breaks Ten Billion and Sets New Milestone
Considering the progress of income structure optimization brought by incremental performance management, the EPS forecast for 2019-21 is adjusted to zero.39/0.62/0.89 yuan (previous forecast was 0.41/0.62/0.89 yuan), usually the overall income is expected to maintain 30% + growth, personnel optimization continues, and the return to net profit growth is expected to continue to maintain high-speed growth. Performance was basically in line with expectations, revenue exceeded 10 billion yuan, and operating cash flow improved significantly.The company issued a 2019 performance forecast, and the report predicted that the company’s expected operating income would exceed $ 10 billion, and its net profit would be attributed to its mother.32-8.0.94 million yuan, an increase of 35% -65% over the same period last year.By quarter, benefiting from the development of the artificial intelligence industry and the company’s strategic layout, according to the company’s performance forecast, we predict that the company’s Q4 single-quarter revenue growth rate will exceed 30%, and Q3 single-quarter revenue growth rate will exceed 16%, achieving accelerated revenue growth.The company forecasts a median net profit of 8 for the full year of 2019.13 ppm, basically in line with expectations, the median Q4 single-quarter return to net profit growth rate of 36%.In terms of cash flow, the operating net cash flow of 1.5 billion reached a record high. The new CFO has vigorously improved the payment of the next project, and the degree of productization has increased, and the cash flow situation has been continuously optimized. Based on incremental performance, per capita performance continued to improve.In 2019, the company adjusted its management thinking, and its artificial intelligence strategy entered 2.In the era of 0, at the level of business management, incremental performance will be the key link, focusing on the goals of “strategic focus, management transformation, and team struggle,” to further improve operating efficiency.By rationally optimizing the efficiency of staff structure, per capita performance has continued to improve. Looking forward to 2020, the core track will realize the industrialization of AI, relying on product competitiveness, customers will control the track, and track control will help long-term growth.The B-end of the education business has been continuously implemented, and the C-end personalized learning products have been promoted. Education is expected to become the core driving track in 2020. New products for the consumer business in 2019 will continue to be polished, referring to Translator 2.0Experience is expected to further develop the market in 2020; the political and legal business is in the market development education stage in 2019, and will continue to work hard in 2020; intelligent medical services in the medical business will help achieve large-scale sales and help the sinking of graded diagnosis and treatment become new highlights. Risk factors: The investment projects are lower than expected, the C-end product promotion is lower than expected, and the cost control is lower than expected. Investment suggestion: Consider the progress of income structure optimization brought about by incremental performance management, and adjust the EPS forecast for 2019-21 to 0.39/0.62/0.89 yuan (previous forecast was 0.41/0.62/0.89 yuan), usually the overall income is expected to maintain 佛山桑拿网 30% + growth, personnel optimization continues, and the return to net profit growth is expected to continue to maintain high-speed growth.Overall / per capita profitability, degree of productization, the track further improved control, maintaining a target price of 40.81 yuan.

Tips for your boss to appreciate you

Tips for your boss to appreciate you

1.

Let your boss see your performance.

Regularly report your work progress and completed tasks to the company, so that your boss can see and affirm your existence and contribution.

    2.

Requires more work and authorization.

Let your boss feel your expectations and enterprising spirit. This is an important indicator for them to consider promotion.

  3.

Take the opportunity to show your leadership.

When a new employee comes in, you can volunteer to “bring” him to show your enthusiasm and leadership.

  4.

Develop your own relationships inside and outside the company.

Through the internal and external networks of the company, you can not only get the latest information, but also get more opportunities when changing jobs and promoting positions.

  5,

Complete the work delivered early, and always complete the work assigned to you by your superiors in advance.

  6.

Bold and adventurous.

Put forward your new ideas to your boss, be willing to accept new tasks, new challenges, and let them sharpen your talents.

  7.

Enthusiastically participate in company activities.

Through the company-scale activities to deepen the impression of your superiors, you can also communicate with other department heads and personnel.

  8.

Learn from outstanding colleagues.

Take a closer look at other high-performing colleagues in the office and learn what they lack in you.

  9.

Strengthen your business capabilities.

Study foreign languages and computers, elective management, finance and accounting, and courses useful for future upgrades.

  10.

Plan your career.

Properly plan your career development direction and steps, remember: this is your own career, you have to master it yourself.

Yoga: You can lose weight by breathing

Yoga: You can lose weight by breathing

Yoga movements can soothe tense muscles and emotions. At the beginning, muscles will be sore, and after a while, the body will feel as if it is comfortable after a hot bath.

Sisters who work in the office every day, take time out at home (or even after work) to practice these yoga moves, which can avoid muscle strain and lose weight and slim down!

  Exercises: First, sit sideways (stretch side waist) 1, cross-legged, hands on top of the body.

Note that the back end is upright.

  2. Inhale, lift your arms upwards, exhale and bend sideways, and maintain 3-5 breaths.

Note that the ischium does not leave the ground, relax your shoulders, and unfold your upper body.

  3. Inhale and restore, the exhaling arm is opened.

  Second, the cat type (exercise the lower tail) 4. Original movements: Open your legs and be as wide as the hip joint, spread your hands and five fingers, and support them on the ground in front of you. Your arms should be as wide as your shoulders.

Pay attention to the shoulders to support the upper body to reduce the pressure on the shoulders.

  5. Inhale, lift your head and lower your waist, and maintain 3-5 breaths.

  6. Exhale, lower your head and arch your back, keeping 3-5 breaths.

  7, restore and maintain natural breathing.

  Diet: The yoga teacher recommends that the daily diet should be as pure and light as possible.

There is no compulsion to change your yoga diet. Changing your diet is the beginning of a lifestyle change.

Changing slowly is more natural and beneficial than enforcement.

If you eat meat every day and every meal, you can try to reduce the meat from once a day to once every two days, and then once every three days, and so on, one day you will find that you are not wrong.It is impossible to eat meat, and light food will make your stomach clean and relaxed, and will help you to better practice yoga postures.

strange!

Why does tension cause abdominal pain?

strange!
Why does tension cause abdominal pain?

Some students experience abdominal pain due to tension or stress before the exam.

Japanese researchers have recently discovered the specific cause of this phenomenon.

The research results have been published in a new issue of the British Journal of Physiology.

  Some people experience abdominal pain and even diarrhea when they are nervous because the muscles in the intestine contract under the stimulation of motor nerves.

  But better now people only know that tension and stress can have such consequences, but the specific mechanism of these muscle contractions is not clear.

  A research team at Gifu University in Japan found that there is a molecular structure called a “channel” on the surface of muscle cells. When people are nervous or feel pressure, this molecular structure is activated, causing a large number of calcium ions in the body to experience this.In this case, molecular structures generate electrical currents that stimulate the motor nerves, which in turn triggers muscle contractions in the intestine.

  Researchers said that a careful study of the “channels” molecular structures, which are the key substances that cause intestinal muscle contraction, and their distribution in other organs, will help develop new drugs to prevent abdominal pain caused by tension before exams.

The formation and development of medicinal liquor

The formation and development of medicinal liquor

The combination of wine and medicine is an important pioneering work in the history of the development of hypertension medicine.

In the time of “wine” writing “酉”, “Said Wen Jie Zi” explained: “Hey, just, in August, it can be resistant to alcohol.”

“Just” means “mature”, “黍成” can be used to make wine (酉), 黍, Gan Ping, Yiqi Buzhong, is it also Chinese medicine?

In ancient times, the word “wei” was used to describe the close relationship between wine and medicine, so later generations had a statement that “wine is the longest medicine.”

Shangjia Bone has “soap wine”, according to Hanban solid solution: “Soap, the fragrant scent of the grass is made of soap”, which shows that the turmeric medicinal liquor made with the Chinese medicine turmeric at that time.

Therefore, the origin of medicinal liquor is inseparable from the production of wine. Therefore, the existing initial medicinal liquor is found in the “Fifty-two Diseases” unearthed from Mawangdui Han Tomb excavated in 1973. More than 30 internal and external medicinal liquors were recorded for the treatment of tibia.The medicinal liquor of snake disease, sputum and other diseases.

In the unearthed Mawangdui Han Tomb, the “Health Prescription” and “Mixed Treatment” are not complete, but the medicinal liquor (medicine and medicine) and the brewing process can be identified.

It can be seen that the previous medicinal liquor had medicinal liquor in the pre-Qin period, and it was also called wine in the traditional Chinese medicine formula.

The so-called medicinal liquor is generally immersed in a low concentration of edible alcohol in a certain proportion of the roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits and all or the internal organs of the plants and certain mineral components.

In liquor, rice wine, rice wine or wine, the active ingredients of the drug are dissolved in the wine, and after a certain period of time, the dregs are removed, and some medicinal wines are obtained by fermentation or the like.

Because wine has its own role, wine and Chinese herbal medicines can enhance the potency, not only can prevent diseases, but also can be used as a wine for post-operative adjuvant treatment.

The purposeful use of medicinal wines, consciously combining medicines with wines, has a long history in some respects.

  On the occasion of the Qin and Han Dynasties, the pre-existing traditional Chinese medicine classics “The Yellow Emperor’s Internal Classic” also specifically targeted the contribution of wine in medicine.

The relationship between sputum and sputum is related to the prevention and treatment of diseases. In other chapters, it also mentions the “chicken sputum” that cures bloating, and the treatment of meridians and collaterals is not good.The deep “wake up”, etc., are recorded in the earlier medicinal liquor.

  In the Han Dynasty, the development of traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions, medicinal liquor gradually became an integral part of traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions, and the pertinence and efficacy have also been greatly improved.

In “Historical Records?

There is a record in the sputum of the squatting warehouse, which is also in the stomach and the wine cellar. It shows that Bian dynasty believes that the use of wine cellar to treat gastrointestinal diseases shows that the works also contain 25 famous Chinese and Western doctors.The medical case, such as the use of medicinal liquor to cure Ji Zhao Wang’s disease, “the wind is full of chest”, the sinister Wang Meiren suffers from “dystocia”.

In the Eastern Han Dynasty, Zhang Zhongjing’s “Treatise on Febrile Diseases” contained “sixty-two kinds of winds of women, stinging blood in the abdomen, red and blue flowers and wine masters”, except for red and blue wine, ephedrine wine soup, and sputumIn addition to white spirits, there are still many prescriptions that are boiled with wine, or mixed with wine and water, and used to enhance the efficacy.

From the time of the Han Dynasty to the Han Dynasty, medicinal liquor and the use of wine for medical treatment have been very rich and widespread, so the class is in the former Han book?

Food and Food” said that wine is “the longest of 100 medicines.”

  In the Northern Wei Dynasty, Jia Sijun’s “Qi Min Yao Shu”, although an agricultural monograph, made a detailed description of the brewing method of medicinal liquor, especially the production of special wine for dipping, from the selection of the song to the brewing step.In Volume VII, the technical, experience and principles of the koji making were also summarized.

Jin, Ge Hong’s “Elbow Reserve” said that there are peach kernel wine, pork pancreas, and golden tooth wine.

Seaweed wine and other therapeutic drugs.

Liang, Tao Hongjing put forward the “drinkable drug potential” in “Materia Medica”.

In particular, the method of ingesting medicinal liquor is more detailed, and it is proposed that “all kinds of medicinal wines are finely cut, and the oysters are filled with glutinous rice. It is sealed in the wine, and it is resistant to cold and heat for several days. It can be sent out without waiting for the wine.Just do it.

Wells can be irritated and slightly sputum, more stains, and also scattered.” It is well pointed out that 71 kinds of drugs (including 9 kinds of ore drugs, 35 kinds of plant drugs and 27 kinds of animal drugs) should not be soaked.

During this period, the production of medicinal liquor has undergone a process of continuous improvement.

  Tang, Sun Sizhen’s “Prepare for the Needs”, Volume 7 “Wine Cellar”, Volume 12, “Wind and Flourish Wine Frying”, the book contains more than 80 medicinal liquors, involving tonic, internal medicine, surgery, gynecology, etc.On the other hand, the poisons of wine and medicinal liquor have been known, and some corresponding hangover agents have been developed for the transformation of some people at that time due to alcoholism and indulgence.

“Qian Jin Yi Fang” also put forward the requirements for the medicinal liquor service. “Whenever you take the medicine, you can make the wine gas-fired, you have to cut off, but you can’t get rid of the medicine. How much is known, you can’t get drunk and vomit.Then it hurts people too.

“Tang, Wang Shuo’s “Outside Taiwan Secrets” Volume 31 “Ancient and Modern Family Wines” section of the CCP has collected 11 prescriptions of medicinal liquor.

Among them, 9 are made by dosing, and the brewing process is also well described.

In addition, the “Thousands of Gold Essentials” also recorded the use of medicinal liquor to cure the Tang Guosi 僧 葱 葱 患 “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ .

.
。 。.

  The medicinal liquor in the Song and Yuan Dynasties has developed greatly, and the types and applications of medicinal liquor have expanded significantly.

In the “Taiping Shenghuifang”, there are no more than 6 medicinal wine festivals, and the “St. Ji’s Record”, “Taiping Huimin and the Agent Bureau”, “Three Causes”, “The Party”, “Ji Ji”The medicinal liquor in the book such as Shengfang has several kinds of medicinal liquors. The scope of treatment with medicinal liquor has also covered various diseases such as internal medicine, surgery, gynecology, ENT, etc., and has further clear understanding of the main effects of medicinal liquor.For example, Volume 4 of the “Shengji General Record” believes that “medicine wine is longer than ventilating blood, helping yang, can be used for dysentery, and can also be used to prevent disease.

“” Both blood stasis and qi stagnation, Chen Hanyu cold, partial dryness does not follow, restrained sputum and the like, should be uniform.

“In the method of making medicinal liquor, the “boiled wine method” for heating various kinds of drugs has been started, which can improve the leaching rate of the active ingredients of the medicine and enhance the efficacy of the medicine.

An important feature of the development of medicinal liquor during this period is that there are more and more health-care and medicinal liquors for replenishing and strengthening the body. Some medicinal liquors not only have the characteristics of healing and health, but also have pure taste and become court royal wine.

In addition to the medicinal liquors recorded in the above-mentioned large-scale books, Song, Chen Zhi’s “Protection of the Old Families” and Yuan, Dosi Hui’s “Drinking Meal”, “Yu Yao Yuan Fang” and other books also contain a lot of suitable for the elderly.Health care medicinal liquor taken by people.In the Ming Dynasty, the medical scientists created many new medicinal liquors while finishing the experience of the predecessors.

In the medical books of the Ming Dynasty, such as “Puji Fang”, Fang Xian’s “Spiritual Goodness”, Chen Menglei’s “Medical Record”, Wang Kentang’s “Criteria for the Rule of Law”.

Li Shizhen’s “Compendium of Materia Medica” and other receipts of the narrowed medicinal liquor formula, both the predecessors of the classics of the past, but also the innovation of contemporary people.

Only the “Compendium of Materia Medica” has compiled more than 200 kinds of medicinal liquor formulas, and more than 300 medicinal liquor formulas have been collected in the “Zi Ji Fang”.

In addition, such as Wu Kun’s “medical prescription” in the Ming Dynasty, there are 7 kinds of medicinal liquors, Wu Ji’s “Fushou Jingfang” contains 9 kinds of medicinal liquor, and Gong Tingxian’s “Wan disease rejuvenation” and “Shou Shi Bao Yuan” two books containing medicinal liquor nearly 40Kind.
In the folk workshops of the Ming Dynasty, there were medicinal liquors sold, such as Yiren wine, lamb wine, etc., while the common people also had a large amount of medicinal liquor in their own brewed wines, such as the straight tea at the Dragon Boat Festival, the sweet-scented osmanthus wine at the Mid-Autumn Festival, and the chrysanthemum wine at the Double Ninth Festival.。
By the Qing Dynasty, medicinal liquor had further development, and many new medicinal liquor formulas were created.

For example, Wang Ang’s “Practitioner’s Set”, Wang Mengying’s “Therapeutic Diet”, Wu Qian and others’ “Jian Zong Jin Jian”, Sun Wei’s “Good Use of Collecting Experiences” and Xiang Youqing’s “Tongshoulu and so on, all contain a lot of new medicinal liquor formulas created in the Ming and Qing Dynasties.

In addition to the treatment of diseases, the medicinal liquor of the Qing Dynasty was characterized by the prevalence of health care medicinal liquor, especially the court replenishment of medicinal liquor.

For example, Qing, Qianlong Emperor often take the Yishou medicinal wine square “Song Ling Taiping Chun Liquor” for the elderly all kinds of vain, joint pain, less food, less flavor, nocturnal clearing disease to exert therapeutic effects.

“Night Twigs” is also a medicinal liquor made by the Qing Dynasty. In addition to the night, the group also has cypress, scorpion, mulberry, pomegranate, glutinous rice, black beans and fine koji, which can cure the symptoms of stroke contracture.。During the Republic of China, due to the constant war, the industry was not prosperous, and the smuggling of Chinese medicine, medicinal liquor was also difficult to escape, and no progress was made.

After the founding of New China, the Chinese medicine industry of Chinese medicine has achieved unprecedented development. As one of the traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions, it has inherited traditional production experience and adopted modern scientific and technological methods. It has stricted hygiene and quality standards and made medicinal liquor.Production has initially developed to standardization and industrialization, and the quality of medicinal liquor has also been greatly improved.

Therapists also conducted experimental research and clinical validation on the efficacy, formulation and clinical efficacy of many traditional Chinese medicine famous wines (such as Wujiapi, Shiquandajiu, Shiguogongjiuji, Guilingjijiu, etc.).Provides valuable evidence.

At the same time, a lot of work has been done on the literature collation, research and continuous development of new varieties of medicinal liquor.

For example, in the literature research, there are also some medicinal liquor monographs, such as Xu Qingfeng’s “Treatment and Health Medicine” series of 146 medicinal liquors, Sun Wenqi’s “medicine wine prescription selection” containing 361 medicinal liquors, Li Mingzhe’s “medicine wine formula 500″For example, Chen Guiting and other “one hundred disease Chinese medicine wine therapy” co-loaded 1364 medicinal liquor.

In addition, such books as those published by the Chinese Pharmacopoeia also stipulate the formula, production process, quality and hygiene requirements of some traditional Chinese medicine famous wines.

Much progress has been made in the reform of new varieties and dosage forms that have previously been developed for the development of medicinal liquor.

The first is to develop new varieties.

For example, according to the “Qinggong Dabu Liquor” developed by the Qing Dynasty court formula, according to the “Ten Quan Da Bu Li” developed by the famous tea in the Song Dynasty with the beverage alcohol produced by Shaoxing Mingshui, according to the “Golden Tong Changle Liquor” developed by the ancients.A variety of medicinal liquors, such as “Rohan Tonic”, are constantly coming to market.

Some medicinal liquors have entered thousands of households and have gone abroad, and are increasingly welcomed and ubiquitous by the people and patients.

Second, the production process and dosage form reform of medicinal liquor are also developing in a direction that saves the use of Chinese medicinal materials, improves the leaching and recovery of its active ingredients, and facilitates its use.

For example, it has been reported that: more than 10% higher alcohol content (40% to 50%) than the Chinese Pharmacopoeia (40% to 50%) is used as the extraction solution, and the Chinese medicine is soaked in a prescription.About 50% of the total amount can reduce the leaching of impurities, and improve the leaching effect of the active ingredients. It is considered that the new process of “injection-permeation-washing-drying” can be used to the greatest extent (almost all).The useful ingredients in the slag are higher in the yield of the medicinal liquor, reduce the amount of liquor, and ensure the quality of the medicinal liquor, thereby improving the old method of using the extrusion method.

In addition, because of the small dosage (internal or external use) of Chinese medicine, it has the advantages of rapid efficacy and certain anti-corrosion properties, so it is easy to store and use for a long time.

又有报道,将丸剂改制为酒剂使用,如‘藿香正气水”,原为宋代古方“藿香正气散”(煮散),早期改为“藿香正气丸”,现又将丸剂改制A wine agent.

Prior to this, foreign countries are now very easy to estimate the study of traditional Chinese medicine wines, such as the use of Chinese and Chinese herbal medicine rhubarb and other “diabolo wine”, with spleen and stomach, wide and smooth swelling, qi and blood circulation, etc., can be used in the stomach脘 脘 full, constipation, less food and drink and use for weight loss and so on.

  ”Liquor” is a liquid made from cereals and koji. It is sturdy and clear, and has the effect of curing and strengthening the body. Its role has been as described above.

Traditional Chinese medicine – as many as natural products, has fewer side effects.

The combination of wine and medicine is between medicine and medicine. If you have a disease, you can cure the disease. If you are sick, you can prevent disease and exercise. In ancient times, you used medicine to prevent the epidemic. For example, “The Golden Essentials” said: One person drinks, one is not infected.One drink, one epidemic.

The application of traditional Chinese medicine medicinal liquor will be more extensive.

  We are convinced that Chinese medicine medicinal liquor, through the continuous efforts of medical scientists, through inheritance and improvement, excavation and innovation, will have more varieties and better quality.

A wider range of medicinal liquors will go to the market, go abroad, enter thousands of households, benefit the people, better play the important role of medicinal liquor in medical and health care, make new contributions to the cause of human health, and revitalize the cause of Chinese medicine.The further development of the motherland medicine is of great significance.